Glossary of Professions 2016-12-22T12:00:18+00:00

Glossary of Professions

ADD/Executive Functioning Coach

ADD coaches offer support, structure, strategies and skills to students in the areas of executive functioning, focus and socialization while increasing self-confidence, self-advocacy and success across all venues.

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Advocate

Advocates support, defend, and fight to protect the rights of children and adults with educational and legal challenges.

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Applied Behavior Specialist

Applied Behavior Specialists (ABS) are responsible for evaluating, assessing and developing behavioral support plans. In addition, they ensure that staff are implementing these behavioral plans, as written, and ensures paperwork is completed and assessments done in the area of Psychology.

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Art Therapist

Art therapists utilize art materials, art making, and visual communications to help individuals of all ages to heal, grow, and fulfill their vast potential. These professionals provide individual, family or group therapies for those experiencing a wide variety of emotional, behavioral and social challenges, as well as for those going through life transitions.

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Attorney

Special education attorneys seek to defend and protect the educational rights of students who have a broad range of special needs and ensure that they receive all of the services guaranteed by state and federal laws.

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Audiologist

Audiologists evaluate and assist students with hearing, balance and related ear problems. They often utilize medical, educational and psychological assessments to develop effective treatment strategies.

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College Consultant

College consultants assist clients in identifying post-secondary goals and options. Tasks include assessing interests and strengths, creating a list of suitable colleges and universities, and offering guidance and support with the application process.

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Developmental Pediatrician

These physicians specialize in evaluating and treating youngsters with developmental, behavioral and learning difficulties. Patients include those with autism spectrum disorders, cognitive impairments, language delays, ADHD, tic disorders, feeding problems and toileting challenges.

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Educational Consultant

These professionals are familiar with a wide range of schools, colleges and treatment programs, both locally and nationwide, and guide parents and students in selecting the most appropriate venues available to them.

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Learning Specialist

Working either in school settings or private practices, these professionals offer individualized diagnostic and support services to students with learning challenges. Learning specialists help students to develop compensatory and self-advocacy skills, increase achievement levels, improve organization and time management, and combat performance anxiety.

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Licensed Professional Counselor

Licensed professional counselors provide mental health and substance abuse care to millions of Americans.  LPCs are master’s-degreed mental health service providers, trained to work with individuals, families, and groups in treating mental, behavioral, and emotional problems and disorders.  LPCs make up a large percentage of the workforce employed in community mental health centers, agencies, and organizations and are employed within and covered by managed care organizations and health plans.  LPCs also work with active duty military personnel and their families as well as veterans.

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Marriage/Family Therapist

Marriage/family therapists are mental health professionals who evaluate and treat individuals, couples and family members in an effort to reduce conflict and improve relationships among and between significant others. Although there is often an “identified patient” when clients seek couples or family counseling, it is generally the couple or the family that becomes the focus of treatment.

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Music Therapist

Music can be a powerful source of comfort and strength for individuals facing difficult personal challenges. Music therapists encourage the use of music to combat depression, anxiety, isolation and self-doubt often associated with disability or illness.

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Occupational Therapist

Occupational therapists assess and remediate cognitive, social, motor and physical skills in an effort to increase independence and enhance self-esteem in clients. They work to improve client competencies in the areas of play, learning, socialization and skills of daily living. Other areas of focus include improved balance and muscle tone, hand-eye coordination, sensory integration, and attention and listening skills.

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Physical Therapist

Pediatric physical therapists provide treatment and remediation for children and adolescents with injuries, developmental delays and medical conditions affecting joints, muscles and bones. Treatment, utilizing a vast array of equipment and strategies, focuses on improving motor skills, balance, strength and endurance.

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Play Therapist

Play therapists help children to communicate distressing feelings and information about troubling events through creative play utilizing toys, games, sand, music, art and conversation.

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Psychiatrist

Psychiatrists are medical doctors who evaluate and treat individuals with a broad range of social, emotional and behavioral challenges stemming from developmental, neurological, and mental disorders. Psychiatrists are trained to prescribe medications and provide psychotherapy.

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Psychologist: Assessment

Assessment psychologists utilize interviews, observation and standardized tests to answer questions about learning style, attention, educational needs, intellectual functioning, emotional status and diagnoses. A formal psychological evaluation generates recommendations for treatment, academic accommodations and behavioral management. These are communicated during meetings with parents and professionals and in a comprehensive written report that can be shared with schools and caregivers.

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Psychologist: Clinical

Clinical psychologists and other psychotherapists utilize a variety of treatment modalities to help clients struggling with social, emotional, and behavioral difficulties in school, home and community settings.

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Psychologist: Health

These individuals are trained to apply psycho-physiological principles to the treatment of mental and physical disorders. Health psychologists utilize behavioral interventions such as biofeedback and stress reduction to combat such conditions as cognitive disorders, sleep disorders, headaches, asthma, gastrointestinal illnesses, brain injuries, chronic pain and substance abuse.

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Psychologist: Neuropsychologist

Pediatric neuropsychologists are experts in the relationship between brain health/development and behavior. They help to restore physical, social and emotional wellbeing to children and adolescents with neurological challenges caused by traumatic brain injury, stroke, mental disorders, or substance exposure/abuse.

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Psychologist: School

School psychologists observe, test and evaluate students struggling with academic, developmental, social, emotional and behavioral challenges—with the goal of determining and implementing the best strategies for improving learning.

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Psychotherapist

Psychotherapists are trained mental health professionals who address clients' emotional needs and behavioral patterns. They can utilize a variety of therapeutic approaches to work with clients of all ages and with a variety of challenges. Psychotherapists might work with individuals, couples, families and groups.

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Reading Specialist

Reading specialists are experts in the diagnosis and remediation of reading disabilities. They are trained to work with individuals with dyslexia and other language-based learning disabilities. Some reading specialists work in school settings while others provide private tutoring.

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School Administrator

These are professional educators who oversee some or all aspects of the daily operation of a school.

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School Consultant

School consultants consult with educators to address individual student needs. They may be members of a school's staff or be employed by a family on behalf of their child.

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School Counselor

School counselors help students to achieve academic, social and emotional success and wellbeing through individual and group interventions. Some school counselors also assist with career and college planning.

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School Technology Consultant

School technology consultants specialize in the use of technology both in the classroom and in the cloud to improve both the educational resources available to students and teachers as well as assist in making school and classroom administration/record-keeping more efficient and transparent. Technology consultants assist in recommending both hardware and software to support the needs of schools and school districts.

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Social Skills Coach

These professionals provide instruction, training and therapy aimed at improving the social success, executive functioning and life skills of clients who often have neuro-developmental disorders such as ADHD, learning disabilities, and autism spectrum disorders.

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Social Worker

Social workers are mental health professionals who provide counseling, advocacy and support in an effort to improve the quality of life for clients. They can work in a variety of settings–including private practice, schools, hospitals and mental health facilities.

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Special Needs Financial Planner

Special needs financial planners work with families to develop comprehensive financial, legal and social plans to provide lifetime care for their family members.

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Speech & Language Pathologist

These experts are trained to evaluate and treat individuals with speech/articulation, language/literacy, voice, fluency (stammering/stuttering), hearing and swallowing problems that affect their ability to communicate.

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Teacher

Teachers are educators who assess the needs and skill levels of students and who plan, develop and organize lessons in order to achieve goals in the classroom.

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Tutor: Foreign Language

Foreign language tutors are certified teachers or subject specialists who generally work with students on an individual basis. They can help younger students bolster skills in foreign languages including vocabulary, grammar, conjugation, passage translation, written and oral conversation, study of cultural topics, and test preparation. Many tutors have regular communication with parents and classroom teachers to ensure that students are progressing well.

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Tutor: Math

Math tutors are certified teachers or subject specialists who generally work with students on an individual basis. They can help younger students bolster skills in basic mathematical operation and help high school students to focus on specific subjects and prepare for tests. Areas of focus may include logical proofs, order of operations, word problems, Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry, Pre-Calculus, Calculus, Probability, and Statistics. Many tutors have regular communication with parents and classroom teachers to ensure that students are progressing well.

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Tutor: Reading and Writing

Reading and writing tutors are certified teachers or subject specialists who generally work with students on an individual basis. They can help younger students bolster skills in literacy, assist middle school students with writing reports and managing their time, and help high school and college students to focus on specific subjects, write essays and analytical papers, and prepare for tests. Many tutors have regular communication with parents and classroom teachers to ensure that students are progressing well.

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Tutor: Science

Science tutors are certified teachers or subject specialists who generally work with students on an individual basis. They can help younger students bolster skills in research and experimentation, assist middle school students with writing reports and help high school students to focus on specific subjects, write lab reports, and prepare for tests. Many tutors have regular communication with parents and classroom teachers to ensure that students are progressing well.

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Tutor: Study Skills and Test Prep

These tutors support students in learning study and test-taking strategies, as well as organizational and time management skills, for a broad range of subject-specific and standardized tests. They often help with preparation for the SAT and ACT as well as admission tests for independent day schools.

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Vision Specialist

Vision specialists seek to identify and treat visual difficulties that can interfere with learning, reading and focused attention.

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Vocational/Career Consultant

These experts identify potential careers for students, and assess their suitability for specific career paths through vocational testing, interviews and surveys. They then recommend specific courses of study or vocational training to help the students achieve success.

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